When you consider going into business for yourself, you have three basic choices: Start from scratch, buy an existing business, or look for opportunities to purchase a franchise.
A franchise gives you the licensed right to use a service mark, trademark or business concept. Each franchisee signs an agreement that governs how the business is operated. This ensures a uniform standard of quality within the system.
More than 2,700 franchise businesses exist in the United States, covering every conceivable industry, from such well-known brands as McDonald’s to smaller local establishments. So, there’s plenty of opportunities if you choose the franchise route. The challenge is to find one that’s interesting and a good investment.
Buying a franchise obviously isn’t a guarantee of success, but here are the main advantages:
Some Questions to Ask Before Buying Into a Franchise
1. How many franchises does the organization have? A large number of franchises might indicate a successful, well-established business model. If so, that’s a good sign, but be careful your franchise won’t be too close to another location of the same franchise.
2. How much is the franchise fee? A blue-chip national chain will likely cost significantly more than most others.
3. What are the royalty fees? The average tends to be 5% to 6%. Check and think carefully about this percentage before investing.
4. How much help can you expect from the franchisor? Will they help with site selection, licensing and hiring?
5. Is the franchise legitimate? If you aren’t certain, check with the Better Business Bureau or the Federal Trade Commission.
- Uniformity. You can capitalize on a uniform business format and instant brand recognition, as well as tap training and ongoing support from the franchise company.
- Lower risk. This can be a plus for less-experienced entrepreneurs. While starting a business alone can expose you to a high risk of failure, a franchise can buffer that risk somewhat because franchises typically include a training and marketing package that eliminates much of the guesswork associated with starting a business.
- Proven track record. Franchising typically includes an existing product or service, a proven market method, equipment, inventory, and support such as hands-on business consulting and advice.
- Network power. Franchisees can gain brand recognition from national advertisement and promotion. In addition, there can be power buying opportunities when purchasing inventory, materials and supplies through a network, which can help keep prices down.
- Start-up cash. Some franchise companies provide financing plans.
Certainly, these advantages can work for you. But before making the leap, consider the potential disadvantages:
- Lack of power. Franchisees forfeit a certain measure of control over their day-to-day operations. If you have a strong entrepreneurial personality, you could have a problem handling the relationship if you start to feel you are more a manager than a boss.
- Financial risks. Franchises can cost a great deal to start and generally include ongoing royalty fees that you often must pay even if your location hasn’t earned significant income. Moreover, the franchiser might eventually face financial problems or actually go under.
- The “caged syndrome.” You’re typically committed to a franchising agreement that runs for several years. It can lock you into rigid business practices, fees and operating rules.
- Potential for sharing bad karma. Not all publicity is positive. Unethical management or business practices by one franchisee affect the entire system. For example, hygiene and cleanliness issues at one fast food restaurant can hurt sales at the others in the chain even if they have spotless records.
Deciding to go full ahead with a franchise is a difficult and challenging task. Take a look at the Federal Trade Commission’s booklet on franchising and then carefully discuss the issues with your professional advisors, including your CPA. As with any investment, the more you know, the better prepared you’ll be to dive in or walk away.